Mosquito-control is usually targeted against three different problems:
♦ Nuisance mosquitoes bother people around homes or in parks and recreational areas;
♦ Economic impact mosquitoes reduce real estate values, adversely affect tourism and related business interests, or negatively impact livestock or poultry production;
♦ Public health is the focus when mosquitoes are vectors, or transmitters, of infectious disease.
Mosquito-borne diseases or mosquito-borne illnesses are diseases caused by bacterial, viruses or parasites transmitted by mosquitoes. They can transmit disease without being affected themselves.
Disease organisms transmitted by mosquitoes include West Nile virus, Saint Louis encephalitis virus, Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus, Everglades virus, Highlands J virus, La Crosse Encephalitis virus in the United States; dengue fever, yellow fever, Ilheus virus, malaria, and filariasis in the American tropics; Rift Valley fever, Wuchereria bancrofti, Japanese Encephalitis, chikungunya, malaria and filariasis in Africa and Asia; and Murray Valley encephalitis in Australia.
Nearly 700 million people get a mosquito borne illness each year resulting in greater than one million deaths.
Conventional Methods of Mosquito Control
♦ Source reduction ie reduction of water stagnation sources like gutters and leak pooling around taps.
♦ Biocontrol Ie the use of mosquito ‘’enemies’’ to control Mosquito populations.
♦ Trap Larve ie the provision of artificial breeding grounds away from human populated areas.
♦ Oil Drip Ie covering breeding grounds with a thin layer of oil to prevent egg laying.
♦ Larvicide Ie the control of Larvae through control methods like contact poisons.
♦ Adulticiding Ie the use of poisons usually by aerial application.
♦ Use od DDT. Banned in most industrialised countries but still in use in developing ones.
♦ Mosquito trap methods such as Lethal Ovitraps , attraction light traps and propane traps.
♦ Repellents offer very short term application and duration.
The ideal way to control Mosquito populations.
None! Source reduction just lead mosquitos to other areas, Pesticides are poisonous to Animal and Human, oil-drips contaminate our water sources and traps are not very effective.
Nanotechnology insect repelling coatings and paints
The precise way it works, due to the infancy of this industry is a closely guarded secret. In summary however, Protective nanocoatings and nanofilms are compromised of nanoparticles that are tailored for this variety of applications.
Insect repelling nanocoatings are designed and engineered to hinder the feeding and reproduction of insects, reducing their numbers and disabling them in areas where they are not wanted. It promotes an alternative to the use of chemical pesticides and insecticides that are typically used for the same purposes. Made of eco-friendly nanoparticles, this coating exhibits a hygroscopic and abrasive effect that ultimately dries-up and strips-off the mosquito’s outer-shells. Furthermore, the coating does not have any detrimental effects towards humans, pets, livestock or the surrounding environment.
This New Nanotechnology applications can be applied on almost every interior and exterior surface - from houses to farms, offices and government buildings, to transportation facilities and vehicles, through to health clinics and hospitals. It kills pests that can carry disease or parasites upon contact, which can bring incredible change to many parts of the world suffering from disease and parasites carried by insects.